November 30, 2021

High blood pressure study: Number of people with hypertension has doubled in past 30 years globally

A large international examine finds the quantity of people over 30 with excessive blood pressure has doubled over the past 30 years, and greater than half of them should not being handled for it.

That is despite the fact that many low-cost and simple remedies exist — from more healthy weight-reduction plan and train to drugs that safely decrease blood pressure utilizing a range of mechanisms.

It is also straightforward to measure, however many people are evidently not getting even this primary stage of care in wealthy and poor international locations alike, the examine printed in the Lancet medical journal finds. The consequence: 8.5 million deaths yearly, in accordance with the World Well being Group. High blood pressure causes stroke, coronary heart failure and failure of different organs such because the kidneys.

“We used data from 1990 to 2019 on people aged 30-79 years from population-representative studies with measurement of blood pressure and data on blood pressure treatment,” the worldwide staff, led by Majid Ezzati, a worldwide well being specialist at Imperial Faculty London, wrote.

“We defined hypertension as having systolic blood pressure (the top number of a blood pressure reading) 140 mm Hg or greater, diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number of a reading) 90 mm Hg or greater, or taking medication for hypertension.”

The researchers checked out knowledge overlaying 184 international locations. The quantity of people with excessive blood pressure doubled from 648 million in 1990 to almost 1.3 billion by 2019, they discovered.

“Policies that enable people in the poorest countries to access healthier foods-particularly reducing salt intake and making fruit and vegetables more affordable and accessible-alongside improving detection by expanding universal health coverage and primary care, and ensuring uninterrupted access to effective drugs, must be financed and implemented to slow the growing epidemic of high blood pressure in low- and middle-income countries,” Ezzati mentioned in an announcement.

Many high-income international locations, together with Canada, Switzerland, the UK and Spain reported their numbers of people with (*30*) at all-time lows, however low- and middle-income international locations reminiscent of Paraguay and central European international locations together with Hungary, Poland, and Croatia had excessive charges. Canada and Peru had the bottom charges of excessive blood pressure. “Hypertension prevalence was highest throughout central and eastern Europe, central Asia, Oceania, southern Africa, and some countries in Latin America and the Caribbean,” the staff wrote.

General, slightly below a 3rd of women and men globally ages 30 to 79 had excessive blood pressure, the examine discovered.

“The pandemic of cardiovascular disease has received less attention in the last 18 months but reflects concerning worldwide trends in unhealthy lifestyle choices such as high fat, sugar, salt and alcohol intake, sedentary lifestyles with avoidance of exercise, and smoking, all of which lead to higher blood pressure and bad cholesterol levels that cause damage to the blood vessels that supply the heart and brain,” mentioned Robert Storey, a professor of cardiology on the College of Sheffield who was not concerned in the examine.

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