May 16, 2022

These are the jobs that are most likely to disappear – and South Africa’s plan to address automation

Whereas the authorities sees new applied sciences as a possibility to innovate, it’s going to guarantee that adjustments round automation don’t affect the native labour market, says Employment and Labour minister Thulas Nxesi.

“Automation is an enabler of innovation and not the other way round, it is important to understand that fact. After we have understood that, we must then grasp other facts that, economies are stimulated and driven by innovation,” Nxesi stated in a latest parliamentary Q&A.

“If we speak about change, change should not be for the sake of change but it should be adapted to the needs of the economy and its population. There is a notion that has become a cliché that speaks about change because somewhere someone is talking about change rather than change dictated by our own environment.”

Nxesi added that president Cyril Ramaphosa has established a fee to help the authorities in making the most of the alternatives introduced by the digital industrial revolution. The fee will additional establish related insurance policies, methods and motion plans that will place South Africa as a aggressive world participant, he stated.

“The work of the commission will be tabled at Nedlac for further discussion on how to come up with policies that will respond to the changes in the labour market as well as how to upskill, reskill and produce future skills that will be needed by the economy.”

“As a country that is grappling with unemployment, we must ensure that change does not exclude our people in the world of work but enhance their productivity, mobility and speaks to the needs of the population.”

The jobs most liable to automation 

A 2021 report by the OECD estimates that 14% of jobs are at a excessive threat of automation. Nevertheless, at the nation degree, a better threat of automation was not related to decrease employment progress over the interval.

This may be as a result of automation promotes employment progress by growing productiveness, though different elements are additionally at play, the group stated.

At the occupational degree, nonetheless, employment progress was a lot decrease in occupations at excessive threat of automation (6%) than in occupations at low threat (18%).

The OECD information exhibits extra labour-intensive jobs – similar to meals preparation assistants, assemblers and hunters – are at the most threat of automation. At the different finish of the scale, chief executives, senior officers and legislators are least likely to lose their jobs to automation.

“Low-educated employees had been extra concentrated in high-risk occupations in 2012 and have change into much more concentrated in these occupations since then. The low progress in jobs in high-risk occupations has not led to a drop in the employment charge of low-educated employees. That is largely as a result of the variety of employees with a low schooling has fallen according to the demand for these employees.

“Going forward, however, the risk of automation is increasingly falling on low-educated workers and the Covid-19 crisis is likely to accelerate automation, as companies reduce reliance on human labour and contact between workers, or re-shore some production.”

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